Making Your Business Legal

Doing Business As

By: Brett Krkosska

It’s important that your business be on the “up-and-up” right from the start. Taking care of the legal issues associated with starting a new business will keep you out of hot water in the future. Here are the first steps you need to take:

1. Register Your Business Name

Your business name must be registered if it is something other than your full legal name. This is a way of informing the public that you will be doing business as (DBA) an assumed, or “fictitious” name. Generally, a search is done to ensure your name is not already in use, and an application is submitted to make it official. Some states require a notice be published in the local newspaper. The details of registering varies from state to state, so check with your state office or county clerk for specifics.

2. License Your Business

Licensing of your business depends on the type of business you plan to start. Licensing occurs on the state and/or local level. Federal licensing is only necessary for businesses who engage in specific, controlled activities (things such as making firearms, alcohol, tobacco, etc.) Many cities, but not all, require a general business license, plus there may be a license required for your particular business type. You should contact your state and city clerk offices to find out what licenses you need.

3. Report Income Tax

You are responsible for filing and paying income taxes on your business. Assuming your business is a sole proprietorship, you will pay income tax on your net profits. You report your income tax using Form 1040 at tax time, with the additional requirement of filing Schedule C or C-EZ: Profit or Loss From Business. You can get IRS Publication 334 (Tax Guide for Small Business) for more information. Visit the IRS online at for publications and detailed filing requirements.

4. Pay Estimated Taxes

If you expect to owe more than $1,000 in federal taxes, you need to make estimated payments quarterly. This may seem like a burden at first, but it actually protects you from having a big payment due at tax time. You can learn more about this from IRS Publication 505: Estimated Tax Payments.

5. Pay Self-Employment Tax

You must pay self-employment tax on income over $400 using Schedule SE. Why? Because you are required to pay your fair share into Social Security and Medicare. Oh joy!

6. Get a State Sales Tax Certificate

Contact your state treasury office for information on obtaining a sales tax certificate. This certificate obligates you to pay applicable sales tax on goods you sell. If your product is to be sold wholesale, or if you are buying materials wholesale, inquire about a resale certificate to avoid paying taxes twice.

7. Obey Zoning Regulations

Be sure to check with your city and county offices about zoning regulations for your business location. You don’t want to be in the position of having to shut down later because of zoning violations.

8. Get Free Advice

Your local Small Business Administration office is a good place to learn more about the nuts and bolts of legally operating a small business in your area. This office can answer many, if not all of your questions about doing business locally. Another important resource is the Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE) at This organization provides personalized and free counseling to assist you in making the right decisions for your business.

Attending to the above steps will put your business on a firm footing. For the average home business, doing these things is enough to let you charge full speed ahead. However, no two businesses are alike, and it’s not a bad idea to consult with a lawyer and accountant for additional information pertaining to your type of business. Doing so may prove valuable for you, both before startup and later on as your business becomes more complex.

About the Author
Brett Krkosska provides ‘how-to’ advice on family and home-based work issues. Get start-up guidance, business ideas and inspiration at: Article provided by

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